What Is Alcohol?
Alcohol is a psychoactive substance, which means that it has the ability to change consciousness and to alter perceptions and behavior. The alcohol found in beverages is known as ethanol or ethyl alcohol. This is the only type of alcohol that is safe to consume, and then only in small quantities
Before we learn how to make alcohol , let’s know more about alcohol
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a saturated carbon atom. The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the predominant alcohol in alcoholic beverages.
How to make alcohol?
Ethanol is commercially produced using a process called fermentation. Many other alcohols can be made this way, but are more likely to be produced by synthetic routes – from natural gas, oil or coal.
Fermentation is the process in which yeast breaks down sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Yeast are tiny single-celled fungi that contain special enzymes responsible for this reaction.
The word equation for this process is:
|Glucose + yeast alcohol + carbon dioxide|
Carbon dioxide gas bubbles out of the fermenting solution into the air leaving a mixture of ethanol and water. It’s important that no air is present or the yeast will produce ethanoic acid – the chemical found in vinegar.
How To make alcohol at home ?